First-person view (FPV), also known as remote-person view (RPV), or simply video piloting, is a method used to control a radio-controlled vehicle from the driver or pilot's view point.
Most commonly it is used to pilot an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) or a radio-controlled aircraft.
The vehicle is either driven or piloted remotely from a first-person perspective via an on board camera.
Images are being transmitted wireless to video fpv goggles or a video monitor.
More sophisticated setups include a pan-and-tilt gimbal camera, controlled by a gyroscope sensor in the pilot's goggles and with dual on board cameras, enabling a true stereoscopic view.
Airborne FPV is a type of remote-control (RC) flying that has grown in popularity in recent years.
It involves mounting a small video camera and an analogue video transmitter to an RC aircraft and flying by means of a live video down-link, commonly displayed on video goggles or a portable monitor.
When flying FPV, the pilot's view is that of a would be real pilot on board the aircraft.
FPV became increasingly common throughout the late 2000s and early 2010s. It is currently one of the fastest growing activities involving RC aircraft, and has given rise to a small but growing industry providing products specifically designed for FPV use. FPV aircraft are frequently used for aerial photography and videography and many videos of FPV flights can be found on popular video sites such as YouTube and Vimeo. For this purpose, many FPV pilots utilize a second, lightweight high-definition on-board camcorder such as a GoPro camera in addition to their standard definition video link.
The United Kingdom requires that FPV pilots fly with a competent person who is responsible for observing the path of the aircraft for the purposes of collision avoidance and safety, the CAA has recently agreed that this competent person does not have to be capable of flying the aircraft but has been properly briefed by the pilot.
In the UK, FPV UK is the National Governing Body for FPV flying. They have advised the CAA on matters pertaining to FPV flying and the impact of regulation.
Read the full article on Wikipedia.